REID BUILDING, THE GLASGOW SCHOOL OF ART
Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2009 - Apr 9, 2014
PROGRAM: art, design, and architecture school, including studios, project spaces, lecture theater, seminar rooms, cafe, exhibition, and academic administrative spaces
The Glasgow School of Art
SIZE: 121,094 sq ft
The Reid Building is in complementary contrast to Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s 1909 Glasgow School of Art – forging a symbiotic relation in which each structure heightens the integral qualities of the other. A thin translucent materiality in considered contrast to the masonry of the Mackintosh building – volumes of light which express the school’s activity in the urban fabric embodying a forward-looking life for the arts.
Working simultaneously from the inside out - engaging the functional needs and psychological desires of the program - and the outside in - making connections to the city campus and relating to the Mackintosh building opposite - the design embodies the school’s aspirations in the city’s fabric.
Mackintosh’s amazing manipulation of the building section for light in inventive ways has inspired our approach towards a plan of volumes in different light. The studio/workshop is the basic building block of the building. Spaces have been located not only to reflect their interdependent relationships but also their varying needs for natural light. Studios are positioned on the north façade with large inclined north facing glazing to maximize access to the desirable high quality diffuse north light. Spaces that do not have a requirement for the same quality of natural light, such as the refectory and offices, are located on the South façade where access to sunlight can be balanced with the occupants needs and the thermal performance of the space through application of shading.
“Driven voids of light” allow for the integration of structure, spatial modulation and light. The “driven void” light shafts deliver natural light through the depth of the building providing direct connectivity with the outside world through the changing intensity and color of the sky. In addition, they provide vertical circulation through the building, eliminating the need for air conditioning.
Along the South elevation, at the same height as the Mackintosh main studios, a landscape loggia in the form of a Machair gives the school an exterior social core open to the city. The natural vegetation with some stone work routes the water into a small recycling water pond which will reflect dappled sunlight onto the ceiling inside.
A "Circuit of Connection" throughout the new Reid Building encourages the "creative abrasion" across and between departments that is central to the workings of the school. The open circuit of stepped ramps links all major spaces – lobby, exhibition space, project spaces, lecture theater, seminar rooms, studios, workshops and green terraces for informal gatherings and exhibitions.
The Reid Building, which is named after former GSA Director, Dame Seona Reid, has been funded by a grant from the Scottish Funding Council.
The new building for the Glasgow School of Art is rated BREEAM Excellent, with an energy consumption of 100 kWh/m2, carbon emissions of 40 Kg CO2/m2, and a 30 percent reduction over current regulations.
Natural Ventilation and Lighting
Driven Voids of Light utilize solar stack for natural ventilation of all above ground spaces.
A lighting control system responds to use and daylight demands, and the building’s glass façade is optimized for performance and integrated with thermal and solar control.
Radiant heating is integrated into the concrete topping slab, and the thermal mass of the exposed concrete structure is used to moderate heating and cooling loads.
The building employs a storm water management system for collection and reuse. A storm water harvesting tank feeds sinks and lavatories.
A green loggia is used as a public terrace and acts as a bio diverse landscape.
New Biomass Plant
A centralized facility serves the new building, the Mackintosh Building and Bourdon Building.